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Winter 2015 Bonding Bulletin

Winter 2013 Bonding Bulletin

Spring 2011 Bonding Bulletin

Fall 2010 Bonding Bulletin


Every practice has or will have the occasion to bond to a surface that resembles porcelain. Bonding to
porcelain has become eventful. The steps are as follows:
  • Sandblast the surface using 50 micron particle size alumina oxide. Sandblasting is mandatory because it will improve adhesion and more importantly will not damage the surface like a coarse bur. A sandblasted surface will be easier for the clinician to restore a shine to at the time of debonding.
  • Isolate the gingiva with a barrier gel.
  • Place the Porc Etch ( 9% solution of hydrofluoric acid gel) on the porcelain surface where the bracket will be placed and slightly beyond.
  • After 4 minutes, wipe the acid off the surface and rinse excess into suction. Dry with air.
  • Place a THIN coat of Porcelain Conditioner (silane) on the etched porcelain surface and dry. Place one coat of Assure® Universal Bonding Resin on the conditioned porcelain and dry. Place bracket with paste and cure. If using a light cure paste double your curing time as the light will not penetrate the porcelain like enamel.
Ok, you have followed those steps twice, yet had failure between the adhesive paste and the tooth
surface…now what? Check with the dentist and see if the tooth is a Cerec Crown, one that would have been
fabricated in his or her office. If so inquire which material they used to fabricate the crown. Below are the
materials they would have used to fabricate the crown. Notice: four are porcelain, but one, the 3M ESPE
Paradigm MZ 100® is a composite and must be conditioned as a composite restoration: (1) Fine diamond
(not carbide or green stone) roughening (2) 1 coat of Assure® or Plastic Conditioner (3) bracket with paste.

Vita Cerec Bloc MARK II® Porcelain
Vivadent Empress®CAD Porcelain
Vivadent IPS eMax® Porcelain
3M ESPE Paradigm C® Porcelain
3m ESPE Paradigm MZ 100® Composite

Upon investigation what if you discover the surface resembling porcelain is Zirconia? Zirconia is increasing
in popularity for its strength and durability. Generally it is found in the posterior section of the mouth which
makes it imperative to be able to bond successfully to it. In 2013 Reliance will introduce a new generation
of Assure®Universal Bonding Resin which will bond to Zirconia with no additional primers.


There are several materials you can use to fabricate aligner attachments. The criteria for choosing the
proper paste should be as follows: Select a paste that when cured has a high resultant Barcol hardness rating.
The paste when cured should be “as smooth as glass”. These 2 features combined will reduce the wear of the
composite as the aligner is inserted and removed several times a day. I feel this is a great place for the use of
a self etching primer as long as it is used properly:
  • Scrub at least 5-10 seconds in the area where the attachment will be placed, dry thoroughly to reduce the chance of the excess solvent interfering with the bond, then apply 1 coat of Assure Universal Bonding Resin, dry and place the composite loaded aligner. Light cure 10 seconds through the aligner with a high intensity light, remove the aligner and cure the composite pad an additional 10 seconds on the tooth.
Light activated pastes that meet the aforementioned criteria are LCR™ and FlowTain™. Compare these two products with what you are currently using and reduce failures and save money!


A digital radiometer is a device that measures the intensity of your dental curing light. It is essential that you know the intensity of your curing light when you cure the first bracket on a patient and if your light maintains its intensity as you cure multiple brackets. To determine how long you have to cure per bracket with your light simply divide the intensity of your light into 10,000. For example if the light tested on a digital radiometer measures 1000 you would have to cure 10 seconds per bracket for maximum curing efficiency, if it measures 500, 20 seconds, etc. My recommendation is once a month when you have a patient strapped up and ready for light curing, place the light on the digital radiometer, illuminate it and take a reading. Then cure 10 brackets and take a second reading. If the intensity dissipates by more than 10% then you will have to correspondingly cure longer the more brackets you cure at one time. This is a great way to test a light before you buy it. Unfortunately some lights will flunk this intensity test. With some lights, the light director could heat to the point where it could burn soft tissue on a patient during the curing process. Every office using a curing light routinely should have a digital radiometer. Two digital radiometers I recommend are sold by Demetron® and Vivadent.t®


YES, YES, YES to mechanically prepare three surfaces in the mouth: any metal surface (gold, amalgam, stainless steel) any porcelain surface (improved bond less surface damage) and any time you are placing an appliance on a lingual enamel surface. Below are SEM’s showing microetched metal and porcelain surfaces compared to those same surfaces that have been roughened with a coarse diamond…..the sandblasted surfaces are far more mechanically retentive.

Diamond Bur Roughened Metal Sandblasted Metal

Diamond Bur Roughened Porcelain Sandblasted Porcelain

Don’t have a chairside sandblaster? Our 4 Hole Handpiece Attachment will work with your current air line.


Titanium Single Strand Bond A Braid* For many years Bond a Braid has been the choice of clinicians for lingual retention because it is a flat metal ribbon that prevents root torque. Like all retention systems interproximal breakage is a problem. The new Titanium Single Strand Bond A Braid* will have increased strength at the interproximal and is safe for all patients because it is nickel free.

Pontic Paint is a single light cure paste that comes in 3 shades and can be painted on any aligner material to mask a space or missing tooth. The patented paint formulation will not crack regardless of the deformation of the aligner.

Aligner Adhesive is a clear light cure paste that will bond any metal or plastic button, hook or power arm to any aligner material regardless of manufacturer. Look for these exciting new products exclusively from Reliance.

As always, we are here to answer any questions.
Please visit our Contact Us page or call 1-800-323-4348

* Titanium Single Strand Bond.A.Braid is patent pending